• Photo of 27. Jim Soper – Conference Closing Remarks

    27. Jim Soper – Conference Closing Remarks

    Jim Soper has been a democracy advocate since 2005. He is co-chair of the Voting Rights Task Force, and author of He has also been a senior software consultant, and teacher. Website:

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  • Photo of 26. Jim Soper, Barbara Arnwine, Lulu Friesdat, Lori Grace, Jennifer Cohn – Where Do We Go From Here?

    26. Jim Soper, Barbara Arnwine, Lulu Friesdat, Lori Grace, Jennifer Cohn – Where Do We Go From Here?

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  • Photo of 25. Lulu Friesdat – Organizing Observations

    25. Lulu Friesdat – Organizing Observations

    Lulu Friesdat is an Emmy award-winning journalist and documentary filmmaker whose work focuses on election reform and social change. She received a Best Documentary award for Holler Back — [not] Voting in an American Town, a film that explores systemic issues in our elections that discourage voter participation. Her network news experience includes assignments for CBS Evening News, Nightline, Sunday Morning, The Today Show, and Good Morning America. She produced profiles of Democratic candidates for MSNBC, and has done documentary work with NBC. A two-time recipient of the Edward R. Murrow award, her articles have been published on Alternet and Salon. Website:

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  • Photo of 24. Emily Levy – Now That You Know, What Will You Do?

    24. Emily Levy – Now That You Know, What Will You Do?

    Emily Levy has been a leader in the election security movement since 2004, when she coordinated the first phase of the precinct-level statistical forensic investigation into the presidential election in Ohio. Her advocacy for election security has included election projects in her home state of California as well as in Ohio, Arizona, New York, Wisconsin, Nevada, New Mexico, Virginia, and Florida. She specializes in helping members of the public understand complex election technology and security issues and become active in working for secure and transparent elections. Emily has volunteered or consulted with the Election Protection Coalition, the Richard Hayes Phillips Project, The BRAD BLOG, Election Protection Strike Force, Election Transparency Coalition, Filmmaker Dorothy Fadiman, CODE RED author Jonathan Simon, Ballots for Bernie, AUDIT-AZ, AUDIT USA, and SMART Elections. Her writings on election issues have been published by The Hill, Op-Ed News, and The BRAD BLOG. Website:

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  • Photo of 23. Lynn Bernstein – State of Things in North Carolina

    23. Lynn Bernstein – State of Things in North Carolina

    Lynn Bernstein started to question the infallibility of our elections in 2016 and since then has been pushing for secure hand-marked paper ballots and greater transparency. Seeing the glaring problems with our critical election systems, she decided not to return to the engineering field and instead works full-time as an election security advocate. She earned a BS in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Colorado, Boulder, and had a career integrating and testing satellites. Now she is driven to research and understand the technical details and procedures involved in the entire voting process, from certification of systems to post election tabulation audits. Her belief is that voter confidence and voter turnout will improve with greater transparency and a simple voting method that people can understand. Voting is a sacred right and it is crucial that everyone has the opportunity to cast a vote that is verifiable, counted accurately and audited for assurance.

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  • Photo of 22. Jan BenDor – Voter’s Guide to Alternative Vote Counting Reform Proposals

    22. Jan BenDor – Voter’s Guide to Alternative Vote Counting Reform Proposals

    Why voters seek reform–spoilers, stalking horses, undervotes, wasted votes, Electoral College, “primarying” as a weapon. The faddish nature of reform proposals by well funded advocacy groups. Counting system designs and flaws–plurality,RCV/IRV, approval, value voting Election reform priorities Verifiability problems Technical and security issues Voter usability Legal problems Political barriers Bio Jan BenDor is a founding member of the nonprofit, nonpartisan Michigan Election Reform, which advocates for voter protection, election verification, and comprehensive election security. A state-accredited elections administrator and election worker trainer, with lengthy experience as a deputy township Clerk, she volunteers as the Michigan Election Reform Alliance Statewide Coordinator. MERA co-led the successful 2018 effort to stop gerrymandering in Michigan, passing a state constitutional amendment to establish an Independent Citizens Redistricting Commission. Jan joined the Board of Directors of the National Election Defense Coalition in 2014. NEDC is working in Washington to enact bi-partisan legislation that would end all use of paperless voting machines, mandate manual risk limiting audits, and put teeth into enforcement of federal laws against voter purging and suppression. Website:

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  • Photo of 21. Dr. Virginia Martin – Audits

    21. Dr. Virginia Martin – Audits

    Dr. Virginia Martin was appointed Democratic Election Commissioner in Columbia County, New York in 2008. She received her PhD from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in rhetoric and communication and has taught at both RPI and the University at Albany. Since the introduction of optical scanners in 2010, she and her Republican counterpart have conducted full hand counts of paper ballots in every election. They have developed an efficient, prompt, cost-effective, and fully secure bipartisan process that welcomes public oversight. Its modest funding is spent locally on appreciative and well-trained poll workers. Martin is frequently called upon by various organizations and the media to speak about her county’s vote-tabulation process.

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  • Photo of 20. Ray Lutz – Auditing

    20. Ray Lutz – Auditing

    Ray Lutz, trained as an engineer in electronics and software, founded Citizens Oversight in 2007 to enable civic engagement. Most recently, he has been active improving election integrity using the Snapshot Protocol and intense oversight of election processing. Sued San Diego County Registrar Michael Vu in 2016 for deficient auditing procedures, and won. Now appealing to extend to all counties. Also suing San Diego county for voted ballot accessed. Started the Open Ballot Initiative to use ballot images to provide election oversgiht. In 2011, Ray was arrested for attempting to register voters, and he sued the City and won. Website: Citizens Oversight

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  • Photo of 19. Steve Rosenfeld – Avoiding Self-Inflicted Wounds:Dems Cancel Virtual Voting in Iowa, Nevada, etc

    19. Steve Rosenfeld – Avoiding Self-Inflicted Wounds:Dems Cancel Virtual Voting in Iowa, Nevada, etc

    Steven Rosenfeld has been an award-winning American journalist for nearly 30 years. He covers national affairs for, including democracy issues. Previously, he has reported for National Public Radio, Monitor Radio and Vermont newspapers. He has written several books on U.S. elections, including an account of partisan voter suppression in Ohio in 2004’s presidential race, a profile of Vermont’s 1990 House race electing Socialist Bernard Sanders to Congress and a forthcoming book, Inside Job: How American Elections Are Still Rigged Against Voters.

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  • Photo of 18. John Brakey – Ballot Images

    18. John Brakey – Ballot Images

    John R. Brakey is a longtime election transparency activist from Arizona who has specialized in electronic voting machine security and hacking issues for nearly two decades. His group, Americans United for Democracy Integrity and Transparency – AUDIT-AZ, a nonpartisan organization, has been involved with or filed numerous lawsuits that have challenged reported election results and illegal election procedures. It has exposed the problems with insiders and vendors due to the fact that our elections have been computerized, privatized and outsourced. Presently, our focus is on solutions to make Elections Transparent, Track-able and Publicly Verified. The new digital technology which is fully capable of “… retains individual digital ballot images for auditing and adjudication” is being suppressed and destroyed. This tech is rapidly replacing the old “Mark Sense” optical scanners. The new Digital Image Scanners that count Hand Mark Paper Ballots produce ballot images that must be used to De-Corrupt our Democracy by: Link to paper: Website:

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  • Photo of 17. Dr. Emma Briant – Social Media, Propaganda, and the Influence Industry

    17. Dr. Emma Briant – Social Media, Propaganda, and the Influence Industry

    Emma Briant specializes in the topics of propaganda and political communication, and is interested in changing technologies and their implications for democracy, international security, migration, inequality, and human rights. Current projects include a book on Cambridge Analytica, Propaganda Machine: The Hidden Story of Cambridge Analytica and the Digital Influence Industry; and a coauthored book with Robert Entman, What’s Wrong with the Democrats? Media Bias, Inequality, and the Rise of Donald Trump. Briant completed her PhD at Glasgow Media Group, University of Glasgow, where her dissertation examined changes in Anglo-American counterterrorism propaganda strategy since 9/11. This work became a book, Propaganda and Counter-Terrorism: Strategies for Global Change, and led to many international invited talks. Her first book, the coauthored Bad News for Refugees, looked at UK political and media discourse on migration prior to the Brexit referendum in 2016. Her work has also appeared in Critical Sociology, Journal of Media Education, International Journal of Press/Politics, Race & Class, openDemocracy, United Nations Association Magazine, and Sociological Review, among other publications. She previously served as Senior Lecturer in Journalism at the University of Essex, Lecturer in Journalism Studies at University of Sheffield, and researcher at the School of Media and Public Affairs at…

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  • Photo of 16. Chris Vickery – Internet Security

    16. Chris Vickery – Internet Security

    Chris Vickery discovered a publicly accessible database containing the voter registration records for 93.4 million Mexican citizens, protecting more than seventy percent of the country’s population from the risk of exposure of their personal information. His past work includes reports on the online exposure of hundreds of thousands of patient medical records, an illegal spam operation insecurely storing 1.4 billion target email addresses, and a series of unsecured MongoDB databases.

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